Daffodil for a Prince

A brand new sturdy variety of daffodil was unveiled at the 2014 Chelsea Flower Show.

Georgie BoyThis bright yellow and white ‘Georgie Boy’ has been named in honour of the young Prince George of Cambridge.

George

Money raised from the sale of the daffodil bulbs sold at the flower show were donated to London’s Royal Marsden cancer hospital, which has a very special place in the heart of Prince William, HRH The Duke of Cambridge.  He is president of the hospital  – a position held by his mother,  Princess Diana, before she died in 1997.

The bulbs are currently available on  the Bulbs website, and money will continue to be donated to the Royal Marsden Hospital to support their wonderful work.

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Images: The Daily Mail

Charterhouse Executions

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Charterhouse Executions

In 1534 Henry VIII passed the Act of Supremacy, giving him the position of supreme head of the Church of England. This gave him ‘permission’ to divorce Catherine of Aragon. The Act of Succession put Anne Boleyn by Henry’s side as his lawful queen and any children she produced would be heirs to his throne.

All English subjects were required to swear the oath to accept these legal and ecclesiastic changes, but many devout Catholics were prepared to defy the king. Any of the king’s Catholic enemies who refused to accept these new laws, were declared traitors.

Charterhouse Monastery, the flourishing Carthusian monastery in central London, was home to a group of monks who did refuse to accept these new changes to the country’s laws. Prior John Houghton was the head of the monastery. His monks bravely refused to swear the oath outlined by the throne, and thus paid the ultimate price for defying Henry.

www.thelegendsoflondon.wordpress.comIn April 1535 ten of the monks at Charterhouse were taken to Newgate Prison nearby and then taken to the Tower of London. The legal process was speedy, and within three weeks they were tried, convicted and executed for treason. Eye witnesses reported that the monks were dragged out of the prison in their habits, and in front of a crowd of people at Tyburn they were hanged and cut down before they were dead. As their limp bodies lay on the ground, they were cut open, their hearts and bowels removed and burned. Their arms were torn off and their blood and flesh was smeared on the faces of the other victims. Their heads were finally cut off and their bodies quartered.

As Prior John Houghton was disemboweled, his dying words were uttered, “And what wilt thou do with my heart, O Christ?”. He was canonized in 1970 for being the first martyr of the Tudor persecutions. He is represented carrying a noose, or with a noose around his neck, carrying a heart.

Inside the walls of the court of Henry VIII, there was nothing but love and passion, but outside of the palaces there were horrific and tragic stories that remind us of the heartless acts committed in the soul pursuit of gaining a male heir for the Tudor dynasty.

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Image: http://www.saints.sqpn.com

Cheapside – The City Market

Cheapside has been the market and shopping centre of the City of London for centuries and was the main market place in the whole of London.

The word ‘cheap’ comes from the Anglo Saxon word to barter or ‘market place’ – “of good cheap” or “’tis good cheap” (being sold at a fair price).  The word evolved into the modern use of using it to express when something is inexpensive and today the word is no longer used to denote a market.

Many cities in the United Kingdom have a Cheapside or a Cheap Street.  Those towns or cities with the prefix of Chipping in their name, also refers to it being a market town.

www.thelegendsoflondon.wordpress.comStreet names running from Cheapside tell you where the cows were kept, bought and sold, or where the bread was made, or the wood was delivered. And to this day the City of London has the same street plan and the same street names, which dates back to medieval times.

The Market rights of the City of London were based on a charter granted by Edward III in 1327.  The charter did not allow for anyone to set up a rival markets within 6.6 miles of the City.  This was a reasonable distance a person walk to market with their produce, sell his goods and return home in the same day.

Today London has more than three hundred markets.  Many specialise in food, some in arts and crafts but many focus on funky fashion, exotic people and trendy places to be seen.

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The Savoy Hotel

In 1899 The Savoy Hotel opened in London. It was the first hotel in Britain to have electric lights and a lift! Cesar Ritz (of the Ritz Hotel who was later known as “hotelier to Kings and King of hoteliers”) was the first manager and his chef was Auguste Escoffier (which may be where we get the expression of ‘scoffing’ your food!).

Together they built up a clientele of the rich and famous and also created dishes they named after their guests. One of these was Peach Melba, which was made in tribute to the Australian diva of Covent Garden Dame Nellie Melba (she had adopted the name Melba after her hometown of Melbourne). Other famous guests have included Oscar Wilde, (who conducted his affair with Lord Alfred Douglas in The Savoy), Claude Monet (who painted his famous ‘Waterloo Bridge’ from a balcony at the hotel) and Fred Astaire (who danced on the roof of the hotel with his sister in 1923).

LON_SAVO-exter-3The forecourt of the hotel is also the only street in Britain where traffic drives on the right. This was because of the limited space in the courtyard, which did not allow for coachmen to keep to the left and still be able to pull up to the front doors smoothly.

After being closed for what seemed like decades and a £100 million restoration project, the Savoy reopened more splendid than before. According to its website “London will once again be itself as The Savoy dazzles”!

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Image source: www.hotel-fly-car.com

Kingston Duckings

www.thelegendsoflondon.wordpress.comOne of the last duckings ever recorded in Britain took place in the Thames, under the Kingston Bridge.  The bridge is the oldest bridge on the River after London Bridge.

The condemned victims were strapped into a chair with a metal belt, to ensure they did not slip out during the ducking.  The chair was lowered into the water a number of times, prescribed by the judge during sentencing.  It was a traumatic experience which led to severe cases of shock and on occasion proved fatal.

In 1745, the London Evening Post reported on the 27th April, “a woman that keeps the Queen’s Head ale-house at Kingston, in Surrey, was ordered by the court to be ducked for scolding, and was accordingly placed in the chair, and ducked in the Thames, under Kingston Bridge, in the presence of 2,000 or 3,000 people”.

…and this was the last time this form of punishment was carried out in Britain.

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London’s Name

1. King Lud was a shadowy figure in London history. He improved the palaces that were already established here by the legendary character of Brutus.  Lud called the settlement ‘Ludtown’, which became London over time.

2. Another idea could be that the name came from the Celtic language – Llyd-don means ‘fort by a stream’.

3. Another Celtic word ‘londos’ means fierce.  This would suggest that Londoners have always been a rough bunch! This would of course give a historic justification for the present day football hooligans….maybe.

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Image: BBC

The Olympic Marathon

In 1908 the Summer Olympic Games were meant to take place in Rome, but the Italian government was experiencing some financial difficulties.  The Games were thus awarded to the city of London!

The marathon started at Windsor Castle so that the royal family could get a good view from the castle.

Windsor Castle

It finished in The Great Stadium, which had been built in White City, west London, to host the Olympics.

White City Stadium 1908

White City Stadium 1908

This distance from Windsor Castle to White City is 26 miles (42.195km), and this became the official distance for the modern marathon.

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